ENGAGEMENT TERM : June 1, 2021 September 30, 2021
Reports to :
Plastic is a global transboundary problem which requires a systematic and holistic response for all stages of the life cycle of plastics.
Plastic pollution has reached gigantic dimensions worldwide. Approximately 4.8 to 12.7 million tonnes of plastics are entering the ocean yearly.
This has been attributed to continuous plastic production and the lack of sound waste management, especially in low- and middle-income countries, such as the Philippines - the top 3rd country in the world for plastic leakage. Jambeck et al., 2015
Plastic holds the third largest share in the overall generated waste in the Philippines at 2,150,000 tonnes p.a. in 2019.
WWF, 2020) 62% being low value plastic (e.g. all kinds of flexibles like sachets) and high value plastics (e.g. PET, PP, HDPE) constitute about 37% of our plastic.
Thirty-five percent (35%) of the consumed plastics by Filipinos leak into the open environment while 33% are disposed of in sanitary and unsanitary landfills, with only 9% recycled because of our lack in capacity to recycle such high value plastics. (WWF, 2020)
WWF has identified the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) scheme as a critical policy tool with a track record in holding producers accountable for the full life cycle (from production to management) of their plastic products and packaging.
EPR schemes are increasingly recognized as an effective policy approach to tackle insufficient waste management and littering, as well as encouraging holistic eco-design in the business sector, around the globe.
Last October 2020, WWF launched an EPR study wherein we assessed the applicability of EPR in the Philippine context, based on a national material flow analysis of plastic wastes.
WWF has been advocating for the EPR scheme in both the House of Representatives and Senate. The House of Representatives Committee on Ecology has submitted for plenary discussion the proposed Substitute Bill for Plastics that includes a provision for EPR.
On the other hand, the Office of Senator Cynthia Villar authored an EPR bill that is being discussed in the Senate Committee on Ecology.
These milestones on EPR scheme advocacy has motivated WWF to work on a follow-up study to provide the detailed framework and model for establishing an EPR scheme in the Philippines.
It looks at the alignment of the proposed bills, previously proposed EPR characteristics, and stakeholders’ perspectives.
The end goal of this study is to create a detailed EPR model customized for the Philippines and guide for major stakeholders in the event that a national law on EPR is passed.
Overall Objective : Develop a detailed model EPR scheme that is customized for the Philippines and provide a roadmap and recommendations for its full implementation.
Specific Objectives :
Scope of Work
g. the informal waste sector, government, and industry leaders.
Broad overview with reference to study on the business case for EPR)Government duties during and afterConsumers’ role
To achieve the scope of work above, the following tasks / processes will be undertaken by the researcher(s) :
Task 1 Desk (Secondary) Research
Desk research and literature review as primary tool to collect existing available information and data that are relevant to the paper from past research and journals, national and industrial statistics, published reports and white papers and other public domains.
The remaining gaps in information and data should be addressed through Primary Research.
Task 2 Primary Research
The remaining gaps in information from Task 1 should be addressed via Primary Research by engaging relevant key stakeholders for information gathering, verification and clarification via emails, calls and in person, if necessary.
Task 3 Reporting
Based on the primary and secondary research undertaken in Tasks 1 2, a draft report outlining the findings will be produced.
WWF-Philippines to review draft and make comments. Researcher(s) to produce a final report accordingly after 2-4 iterations.
Proposed outline :
What support do they need from the government, industry, and / or other sectors?How to scale up existing efforts and include them in the mandatory EPR system PRO Model What the Producer Responsibility Organization will need to doWhat our proposed model will look like given the local framework Roadmap towards a functional EPR scheme in the Philippines and recommendations for the 3-year transition period to include the following : Businesses Option 1 : Brief overview of what is expected from businesses and its costs and benefitsOption 2 : Summary of The Business Case for EPR Study (to be produced) Government Support they need to give to other stakeholdersDuties while legislation is pendingDuties during the transition phaseDuties when the law is fully implemented Consumers Conclusion / Call to action
Call for Proposal
Deadline : June 11, 2021
As an equal employment opportunity employer, WWF does not discriminate based on an applicant’s race, religion, sex, gender, or disability status.
To reduce use of paper, submissions by mail will not be accepted. Due to the high volume of applications, inquiries via phone cannot be accepted.
Proposal should be submitted to cconstantino wwf.org.ph and fguingona wwf.org.ph on or before the deadline.